And it has always been the opinion and judgment of wise men that nothing can be so uncertain or unstable as fame or power not founded on its own strength

“Many speakers preciso the House the other night mediante the debate on the reduction of armaments seemed sicuro esibizione a most lamentable ignorance of the conditions under which the British Empire maintains its existence. When Mr Balfour replied onesto the allegations that the Roman Pigiare sank under the weight of its military obligations, he said that this was ‘wholly unhistorical.’ He might well have added that the Roman power was at its zenith when every citizen acknowledged his liability onesto fight for the State, but that it began to decline as soon as this obligation was mai longer recognised.”-Pall Mall Gazette, 15th May 1906.

Francesco Sforza, through being ed Duke of Milan; and the sons, through avoiding the hardships and troubles of arms, from dukes became private persons

I conclude, therefore, that niente affatto principality is secure without having its own forces; on the contrary, it is entirely dependent on good fortune, not having the valour which durante adversity would defend it. And one’s own forces are those which are composed either of subjects, citizens, or dependents; all others are mercenaries or auxiliaries. And the way puro make ready one’s own forces will be easily found if the rules suggested by me shall be reflected upon, and if one will consider how Philip, the father of Alexander the Great, and many republics and princes have armed and organized themselves, sicuro which rules I entirely commit myself.

A prince ought esatto have giammai other aim or thought, nor select anything else for his study, than war and its rules and discipline; for this is the sole art that belongs to him who rules, and it is of such force that it not only upholds those who are born princes, but it often enables men preciso rise from verso private station puro that rank. And, on the contrary, it is seen that when princes have thought more of ease than of arms they have lost their states. And the first cause of your losing it is puro neglect this art; and what enables you esatto acquire verso state is puro be specializzazione of the art. For among other evils which being unarmed brings you, it causes you puro be despised, and this is one of those ignominies against which per prince ought sicuro guard himself, as is shown later on. Because there is nothing proportionate between the armed and the unarmed; and it is not reasonable that he who is armed should yield obedience willingly onesto him who is unarmed, or that the unarmed man should be secure among armed servants. Because, there being durante the one disdain and in the other suspicion, it is not possible for them sicuro work well together. And therefore a prince who does not understand the art of war, over and above the other misfortunes already mentioned, cannot be respected by his soldiers, nor can he rely on them. He ought never, therefore, onesto have out of his thoughts this subject of war, and per peace he should addict himself more to its exercise than mediante war; this he can do mediante two ways, the one by action, the other by study.

As regards action, he ought above all things to keep his men well organized and drilled, preciso follow incessantly the chase, by which he accustoms his body esatto hardships, and learns something of the nature of localities, and gets to find out how the mountains rise, how the valleys open out, how the plains lie, and to understand the nature of rivers and marshes, and mediante all this to take the greatest care. Which knowledge is useful mediante two ways. Firstly, he learns onesto know his country, and is better able sicuro undertake its defence; afterwards, by means of the knowledge and observation of that locality, he understands with ease any other which it may be necessary for him onesto study hereafter; because the hills, valleys, and plains, and rivers and marshes that are, for instance, in Tuscany, have verso un resemblance esatto those of other countries, so that with verso knowledge of the aspect of one country one can easily arrive at verso knowledge of others. And the prince that lacks this skill lacks the essential which it is desirable that per captain should possess, for it teaches him esatto surprise his enemy, esatto select quarters, to lead armies, onesto array the battle, to besiege towns esatto advantage.

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